Source code for tensorpack.tfutils.optimizer

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# File:

import tensorflow as tf
from contextlib import contextmanager

from ..utils.develop import HIDE_DOC
from .gradproc import FilterNoneGrad, GradientProcessor

__all__ = ['apply_grad_processors', 'ProxyOptimizer',
           'PostProcessOptimizer', 'VariableAssignmentOptimizer',

[docs]class ProxyOptimizer(tf.train.Optimizer): """ A transparent proxy which delegates all methods of :class:`tf.train.Optimizer` """ def __init__(self, opt, name='ProxyOptimizer'): assert isinstance(opt, tf.train.Optimizer), opt super(ProxyOptimizer, self).__init__(False, name) self._opt = opt @HIDE_DOC def compute_gradients(self, *args, **kwargs): return self._opt.compute_gradients(*args, **kwargs) @HIDE_DOC def get_slot(self, *args, **kwargs): return self._opt.get_slot(*args, **kwargs) @HIDE_DOC def get_slot_names(self, *args, **kwargs): return self._opt.get_slot_names(*args, **kwargs) @HIDE_DOC def apply_gradients(self, *args, **kwargs): return self._opt.apply_gradients(*args, **kwargs)
[docs]def apply_grad_processors(opt, gradprocs): """ Wrapper around optimizers to apply gradient processors. Args: opt (tf.train.Optimizer): gradprocs (list[GradientProcessor]): gradient processors to add to the optimizer. Returns: a :class:`tf.train.Optimizer` instance which runs the gradient processors before updating the variables. """ assert isinstance(gradprocs, (list, tuple)), gradprocs for gp in gradprocs: assert isinstance(gp, GradientProcessor), gp class _ApplyGradientProcessor(ProxyOptimizer): def __init__(self, opt, gradprocs): self._gradprocs = gradprocs[:] super(_ApplyGradientProcessor, self).__init__(opt) def apply_gradients(self, grads_and_vars, global_step=None, name=None): g = self._apply(grads_and_vars) return self._opt.apply_gradients(g, global_step, name) def _apply(self, g): for proc in self._gradprocs: g = proc.process(g) return g return _ApplyGradientProcessor(opt, gradprocs)
[docs]class PostProcessOptimizer(ProxyOptimizer): """ An optimizer which applies some "post-processing operation" per variable (e.g. clipping, quantization) after the gradient update. """
[docs] def __init__(self, opt, func, colocate=True): """ Args: opt (tf.train.Optimizer): func (tf.Variable -> tf.Operation or None): the operation needed to perform for this variable after the gradient update. colocate (boolean): colocate the function with the variable. """ super(PostProcessOptimizer, self).__init__(opt) self._func = func self._colocate = colocate
@HIDE_DOC def apply_gradients(self, grads_and_vars, global_step=None, name=None): update_op = super(PostProcessOptimizer, self).apply_gradients( grads_and_vars, global_step) ops = [] with tf.control_dependencies([update_op]): for _, var in grads_and_vars: with self._maybe_colocate(var): op = self._func(var) if op is not None: assert isinstance(op, tf.Operation), op ops.append(op) update_op =, *ops, name=name) return update_op @contextmanager def _maybe_colocate(self, var): G = tf.get_default_graph() if self._colocate: with G.colocate_with(var): yield else: yield
[docs]class VariableAssignmentOptimizer(PostProcessOptimizer): """ An optimizer which assigns each variable a new value (e.g. clipping, quantization) after the gradient update. """
[docs] def __init__(self, opt, func): """ Args: opt (tf.train.Optimizer): func (tf.Variable -> tf.Tensor or None): the new value to be assigned to this variable after the gradient update. """ def f(v): t = func(v) if t is None: return t return tf.assign(v, t, use_locking=False).op super(VariableAssignmentOptimizer, self).__init__(opt, f)
[docs]class AccumGradOptimizer(ProxyOptimizer): """ An optimizer which accumulates gradients across :math:`k` :meth:`minimize` executions, and apply them together in every :math:`k` th :meth:`minimize` execution. This is roughly the same as using a :math:`k` times larger batch size plus a :math:`k` times larger learning rate, but uses much less memory. Note that this implementation may not support all models. E.g., it doesn't support sparse gradient update. """
[docs] def __init__(self, opt, niter): """ Args: opt (tf.train.Optimizer): the underlying sub-optimizer. niter (int): number of iterations to accumulate gradients. """ super(AccumGradOptimizer, self).__init__(opt, 'AccumGrad') self._niter = int(niter)
def _create_accum_slots(self, var_list): slots = [] for v in var_list: # TODO an option to not colocate the accumulators with variables (to save more memory) s = self._zeros_slot(v, "accum", self._name) slots.append(s) return slots @HIDE_DOC def apply_gradients(self, grads_and_vars, global_step=None, name=None): assert global_step is None, \ "AccumGradOptimizer doesn't support the option global_step! " \ "Please maintain it yourself." grads_and_vars = FilterNoneGrad().process(grads_and_vars) vs = [] for g, v in grads_and_vars: assert isinstance(g, tf.Tensor) and isinstance(v, tf.Variable), \ "AccumGradOptimizer only works for dense update! " \ "Types of v and g are {} and {}".format(type(v), type(g)) vs.append(v) with tf.control_dependencies(None): slots = self._create_accum_slots(vs) slots_and_vars = [(s, gv[1]) for s, gv in zip(slots, grads_and_vars)] # Create the counter on the same device as the first variable. with tf.variable_scope(self._name), \ vs[0].graph.colocate_with(vs[0]): counter = tf.Variable( 0, name="counter", trainable=False, dtype=tf.int32) with tf.name_scope('AccumGradOptimizer'): ops = [] for s, gv in zip(slots, grads_and_vars): g, v = gv ops.append(s.assign_add(g)) update_counter = tf.assign_add(counter, 1, name='update_counter') update_slot_op =, *ops, name='update_slot') def update_grad(): update_op = self._opt.apply_gradients(slots_and_vars) with tf.control_dependencies([update_op]): clear_ops = [tf.assign(s, tf.zeros_like(s)) for s in slots] return*clear_ops, name='update_grad') pred = tf.equal(tf.mod(counter, self._niter), 0) with tf.control_dependencies([update_slot_op]): if name is None: name = 'cond_update_grad' op = tf.cond(pred, update_grad, tf.no_op, name=name).op return op
if __name__ == '__main__': # run it with "python -m tensorpack.tfutils.optimizer" x = tf.get_variable('x', shape=[6]) cost = tf.reduce_sum(tf.abs(x), name='cost') opt = tf.train.GradientDescentOptimizer(0.01) opt = AccumGradOptimizer(opt, 5) min_op = opt.minimize(cost) sess = tf.Session() with sess.as_default(): for k in range(20): print(x.eval())